Short-range assessments that inform daily instruction Diagnose where students are in learning and find gaps in knowledge and understanding Adjust, plan, guide, and inform daily instruction Mid-range assessments that allow for the aggregation of results Test learning of recent content towards long-term goals Evaluate and monitor educational programs, curricular, and pedagogical methods Predict, anticipate, or track student performance on specific academic goals within a limited time frame Long-range assessments that gauge mastery of content toward state content standards Frequency Immediate, constant, steady stream of evidence, e. A snapshot between intervals of predetermined periods, e.
Visioning Disaster Recovery Programs APA has assembled the best one-stop shopping list of mitigation, recovery, and response resources that we could identify among federal agencies and some national nonprofits.
Learn More Model Pre-Event Recovery Ordinance APA has prepared an annotated model pre-event recovery ordinance designed to assist communities in preparing before a hazardous event for better managing the process of recovery after a disaster.
The author of this model ordinance is Kenneth C. We encourage communities to review this model ordinance for possible use as a local disaster management tool. Read the Ordinance Case Studies Sharing stories and experiences is one of the most effective ways to provide answers and identify best practices that help communities become more resilient.
Such stories and experiences are captured in the case studies detailed below. The Cedar River has crested above flood stage at least 94 times sinceand the City of Cedar Falls, Iowa, has been inundated many times.
Read this case study to learn about the variety of mitigation and recovery strategies employed by the city to make the community more resilient. The Hayman Fire was the largest and most devastating wildfire in Colorado's recorded history.
Read this study to learn about the challenges, impacts, and planning efforts associated with this natural disaster. Next Generation PAS The updated manual offers a no-nonsense explanation of the benefits — and limitations writing a research briefing papers of planning for unpredictable events.
Case studies from big cities and smaller towns show what it takes to come back stronger from a natural disaster.
Thousands of copies have circulated nationwide and around the world. There is only one problem, which was inevitable: The information is rapidly becoming outdated.
Between andAPA conducted a variety of conversations with federal officials about the need for completely overhauling this publication to reflect new lessons and circumstances.
FEMA agreed to fund such a project, which launched in Octoberand was completed in What are the needs that drove this new project idea forward? APA laid out nine clear and specific reasons for the project in a needs assessment it shared with federal officials in FEMA and other agencies: Disaster Mitigation Act of The document needs to discuss how this statute and FEMA's implementing regulations have affected planning practice with regard to the use of local and state hazard mitigation plans in the long-term recovery planning process.
The new Framework includes three new emergency support functions that the PAS Report never mentioned because they did not exist then. One of those is clearly central to the relevance of the entire document: Emergency Support Function 14 provides long-term recovery planning as part of the Disaster Field Office's response to presidential declared disasters.
The report describes the functions of FEMA at a time when it was an independent agency, not a part of the Department of Homeland Security. FEMA's new organizational structure within that department requires considerable revision of those descriptions within the report in order to lead the reader to accurate assumptions about how federal disaster relief is organized today.
Even if FEMA is restored to its previous status as an independent federal agency, it will be a much-changed agency in many respects from the one that sponsored the report. Lessons of Hurricane Katrina. It is vital that the lessons being learned now, in terms of what works, what does not, and how that might affect future policy, be incorporated into a more timely PAS Report.
The most critical issue posed by Hurricane Katrina is whether current policy and planning are adequate to confront recovery needs following a catastrophic rather than more typical major disaster. Map Modernization and RiskMap.
Map Modernization was the first initiative in this direction, and RiskMap is the next stage, applying an all-hazards approach to assist local planning.
Post-disaster recovery and reconstruction need to incorporate an awareness of the use of these new tools. Although Florida had a requirement in its planning legislation a decade ago for the inclusion of a post-storm redevelopment plan in the hazards element of comprehensive plans in coastal counties, it has only in the last two years begun seriously to implement and enforce this provision.
As a result, Florida is currently undertaking a very important public policy experiment with regard to natural hazards, which could provide significant baseline information on best practices and formulas for success.
The existing report contains almost no discussion of climate change because the literature and documentation of the impacts of climate change on planning for post-disaster recovery were virtually nonexistent in the s.
Today we know that, while great uncertainty remains, we can expect major changes potentially to affect the viability of new development that must last up to a half-century and beyond in circumstances that may over time be significantly altered from those prevailing today.
We need to address the additional margin of safety that must be built into reconstruction after disasters in order to ensure the longer-term viability of new development.
Emergence of Web-based technology. In addition to a printed copy that can be readily available in the field, the report should be accessible and downloadable on the Web. This would make it possible to amend the report continuously as required by changes in legislation, regulations, and best practices.
National Disaster Recovery Framework. It is clear the very framework of the nation's approach to disaster recovery is changing. Whatever the outcome, it is critical that communities have access to effective planning guidance to accompany any new initiatives tied to this framework as it takes shape.
We need to be prepared to explain and examine the fundamental assumptions behind that new framework and how they affect practical decision making at the local and regional level.The Melbourne Energy Institute undertakes inter-disciplinary research on sustainable energy, and on the challenges of transitioning towards a low carbon energy system.
In a referendum held on 23 June , the majority of the UK electorate voted to leave the European Union.
On 29 March , in writing to European Council President Donald Tusk, the Prime Minister formally triggered Article 50 and began the two-year countdown to the UK formally leaving the EU (commonly known as 'Brexit').
current policies, research, and non-nurse competences related to suicide assessment and management. In doing so we recognized a need to develop nursing guidelines, standards of car, and evidence based practice to guide Sample Briefing Paper I. Author: Barbara J Limandri. Academic writing is conducted in several sets of forms and genres, normally in an impersonal and dispassionate tone, targeted for a critical and informed audience, based on closely investigated knowledge, and intended to reinforce or challenge concepts or benjaminpohle.com usually circulates within the academic world ('the academy'), but the .
Research does not exceed words. current blanket ban to inform the first in papers were discussed in. Resources: institutional strategies, in the proposed research and writing of .
Improving Family and Community Engagement Through Sharing Data. Marion Baldwin and Sally M. Wade.