Early development[ edit ] Generally, Irish nationalism is regarded as having emerged following the Renaissance revival of the concept of the patria and the religious struggle between the ideology of the Protestant Reformation and the Catholic Counter-Reformation. This vision sought to overcome the old ethnic divide between Gaeil the native Irish and Gaill the Normans which had been a feature of Irish life since the 12th century.
Cornell University Press, This is Gellner's classic modernization argument explaining the origin of nations. The author argues that nations are completely modern constructions borne of nationalism which is "primarily a political principle, which holds that the political and national unit should be congruent" 1.
Nations were the result of pressures created by the demands of the industrial revolution. As soon as people from widely different backgrounds began to converge on cities, it was necessary to create some form of common identity for them. Perhaps more importantly, the demands of capitalism, specifically the need for constant retraining, demanded that there be a common language among workers.
These demands were met by creating a common past, common culture created by turning "low" folk cultures into "high" state cultures and requiring a common language. With these common experiences as a motive, workers were more willing to work hard, not only for their own good, but for the good of their country.
Further, it became possible to quickly retrain and move workers around the nation - after all, whether in Paris or Nice, Berlin or Dresden, London or Liverpool, a common culture, language and history united the newly mobile workforce. Finally, it is worth noting that Gellner saw this book as a reaction to Elie Kedourie's theory which Gellner believed lacked any real comprehension of the reality of nationalism as a result of its overly intellectual focus.
The Philosophy of Nationalism. In this important and original book, Paul Gilbert marries a concern for the explanation of nationalist movements with an examination of their moral justifications.
Gilbert posits what he calls "the constitutive principle of nationalism": The book therefore attempts "to classify the accounts of nationhood that can be given in terms of the kinds of argument for statehood they support" 1.
Gilbert also examines what he terms "political" nationalism i. That very minor problem aside, this important classificatory work should be of interest to all students of nationalism who are looking to give their studies a philosophical foundation.
Five Roads to Modernity. Harvard University Press, Liah Greenfeld's "Five Roads to Modernity" theory fits roughly into the modernization school of nationalism, but with a slight twist.
Greenfeld sees nations as beginning with Henry VIII's nationalization of the church during the early sixteenth century earlier than most modernization theorists would place it when the word "nation," which had meant "elite: A term coined be Nietzsche and later defined and developed by Max Scheler, ressentiment refers to a psychological state resulting from suppressing feelings of envy and hatred existential envy and the impossibility of satisfying these feelings As one got further from "God's first born" Englandthe ressentiment with having to form this alien structure became greater.
The net result is that the further one got from the original, the more volatile and nasty a given state's nationalism would be. The majority of Greenfeld's book is taken up with five case studies: Britain, France, Russia, Germany, and America. These case studies have proved controversial among historians of each country - especially among German and Russian historians.
Political Communities in a Global Age. Cambridge, Polity Press, Nationalism is the ideological basis for the development of the modern nation-state.
According to Leon Baradat, nationalism "calls on people to identify with the interests of their national group and to support the creation of a state - a nation-state - to support those interests.".
Irish nationalism is a nationalistic ideology which asserts that the Irish people are a cohesive benjaminpohle.com grew more potent during Ireland's time as a dominion of Britain, which ultimately lead to most of the island seceding from the United Kingdom in Politically, Irish nationalism gave way to many factions which created conflict, often violent, throughout the island.
The recurring, tired refrain that we should have a white history month if there is a black history month, or white student unions on campuses, is unintentionally being given new life by the Left.
The Rise of European Secularism in the 19th Century Essay SP History – Final Exam One May 23, The Rise of European Secularism During the Nineteenth Century Word Count: 2, In Europe, the long nineteenth century, () was a tumultuous era of political, economic, and social revolution which created an increasingly secular .
At this time, Ireland was a simple agricultural society. Irish art had begun to benjaminpohle.com people had come as invaders, and more invaders followed from Britain, France and benjaminpohle.comnts, coins and weaponry from the Bronze and Iron Age have been uncovered by archaeologists.
The Romans never conquered Ireland, although it is a matter of controversy whether they actually set foot on the island. The civilian population was by no means uniformly hostile to the Rising, even during Easter week. There was, of course, anger expressed at the number of fatalities it had caused, and the scale of.