How Interest Groups Influence Policymaking Often, when we think of special interests, we associate them with lobbying legislators. Who and what are these special interests?
Benz Universal health care was on the national political agenda for nearly a hundred years until a comprehensive but not universal health care reform bill supported by President Obama passed in The most common explanation for the failure of past reform efforts is that special interests were continually able to block reform by lobbying lawmakers.
Yet, beginning in the s, accelerating with the failure of the Clinton health care plan, and continuing through the passage of the Affordable Care Act inhealth policy reform was alive and well at the state level.
Interest Groups and Health Care Reform across the United States assesses the impact of interest groups to determine if collectively they are capable of shaping policy in their own interests or whether they influence policy only at the margins. What can this tell us about the true power of interest groups in this policy arena?
The fact that state governments took action in health policy in spite of opposing interests, where the national government could not, offers a compelling puzzle that will be of special interest to scholars and students of public policy, health policy, and state politics.
David Lowery is Bruce R. Miller and Dean D. Boychuk, Karen Mossberger, and Mark C. Adds insight and breaks new ground in a critical branch of political science. By using the multitude of state actions in this area over the past generation, Gray, Lowery, and Benz shed more light on the politics of health care in the United States than ten books on the PPACA.
Mooney, University of Illinois, Springfield "The most comprehensive starting point for analyzing state health reform and understanding its future directions.
Interest Groups and Health Care Reform across the United States will inform and stimulate a new generation of research on the politics of state health reform and the role of interest groups.
A must read for students of health reform, state policy innovation, and American politics. Jacobs, University of Minnesota.The pressure groups influence the policy-making and policy-implementation in the government through legal and legitimate methods like lobbying, correspondence, publicity, propagandising,petitioning, public debating, maintaining contacts with their legislators and so forth.
Many interest groups employ the services of former government officials (e.g., former Congress members, cabinet officials, and military officers) as lobbyists because these former officials are able to use their personal contacts and intimate knowledge of policy-making processes on behalf of .
Interest groups use a number of strategies to influence government policy to favour their beliefs and goals. Industry groups often have the financial resources to influence politicians by making donations to their re-election campaigns - this creates an obligation by .
Interest groups influence on policy making is not a corrupt or illegitimate activity per se, but a key element of the decision-making process. However, disproportionate and opaque interest group influence may lead to administrative corruption, undue influence, and state capture, favouring particular interest groups at the expense of public.
Arguably, anyone with a point of view on a matter of public policy is a special interest. However, we generally characterize such interest groups as those with specific public policy agendas that they try to advance with the legislative and executive branches of government.
Interest groups are associations of individuals or organisations that on the basis of one or more shared concerns, attempts to influence public policy in its favour usually by lobbying members of the government.