Brief Comparison between Sparta and Athens Ancestry The basic distinction between the two cultures is the ancestry so while the Spartans were descendants of the Dorian invaders, Athenians were of Ionian descent. Form of Government There were two existent forms of government in Ancient Greece, democracy and oligarchy.
They were the biggest of rivals, two towering cities at their peak, the most influential cultural, military, and trade powers of western civilization in the first millennium B.
They are sharply contrasting yet strikingly similar, setting the stage for the Peloponnesian War. Their differences were the effect of geographical isolation but they began with the same base of ideas on which to build.
Ultimately the Peloponnesian War was over the ideological and cultural rivalry between Athens and Sparta. Ancient Athens was a powerful city-state, the leading city of ancient Greece in the first millennium B.
It has the longest history of any city in Europe; it has been inhabited continuously for over years. Originally ruled by a king, it was like many of the other city-states surrounding it, but the power of the king receded to that of a council below him, composed of nobles, called the Areopagus.
The Areopagus got their power Compare and contrast athens and sparta the lucrative cash crops of wine and oil which required money to get started too. This led to an unhealthy cycle of the wealthy Athenians controlling the government and the poor ones selling themselves and their families into slavery.
This was stopped by the tyrant Solon whose reforms led to a government based on 4 tiers of social classes with hints of democracy. The rise of another tyrant, Peisistratus, led to more reform that was focused on cultural improvements.
After his son lost power, Cleisthenes began a series of major reforms that would produce Athenian democracy. The final part of democracy was ostracism, which disabled would-be tyrants from seizing power by exiling them before they gained to much power.
Athens had something the other poleis did not, which was its harbor, allowing it to trade with the other city-states located on the water and other nations in the Aegean Sea easily. Sparta was the largest military power of all the ancient Greek city-states. It was a primitive polis, or city-state.
Culture, politics, and the economy were all stagnant. Its early history was heavily dominated with invasion of neighboring poleis in search of land and resources to support its dramatically increasing population. It invaded a fertile plain in a nearby mountain valley, the city-state of Messenia, whose valley could easily produce the resources needed to fuel both of the poleis.
The Messenians were upset over their loss of independence and revolted, almost wiping out Sparta altogether, but they failed to free themselves of Spartan rule. At the end of the Messenian revolt, the Spartans were outnumbered 10 to 1 but were still in a position of authority, and were left with the problem of how to control a population that greatly outnumbered them.
The result of this was to force the Messenians into slavery. They were called helots, members of the slave class in Sparta that grew produce for the master of the estate a Spartan and kept the rest of the crops for himself and his family.
This was a miserable life, work was long and the amount of food inadequate. The amount of food that they had to pay tribute to the landowner always put the helots on borderline subsistence.
Spartan society itself changed after its transition tot a military state. The center of Spartan life was the military and the polis.
This had been performed before in Greece, but the state institutionalized it and made it a common practice. At the age of seven the Spartan male was sent to military and athletic school. There they were taught survival skills, endurance of pain, discipline, and toughness.
This continued for 13 years when the Spartan was 20 and became a soldier. A soldier would live in his barracks with fellow soldiers, eat with his fellow.Both Athens and Sparta hold historic value for Greece and the world.
Athens is the capital and the largest city of Greece. It is a center for economic, political, financial and culture life in Greece. Sparta and Athens - Explain and Contrast Both Sparta and Athens were Greek city-states. Sparta was a strict military ruled city-state where the people established themselves as a military power early.
Athens benjaminpohle.com Compare/Contrast Essay; Athens benjaminpohle.com Compare/Contrast Essay. Words Dec 11th, 4 Pages. Athens vs. Sparta Ancient Greece was comprised of small city-states, of which Sparta and Athens were two.
Athens was renowned as a center of wisdom and learning. The people of Athens were interested in arts, music, and intellectual. The main similarity between Athens and Sparta was their form of government, which featured an elected assembly whose members came from among the people; the primary difference between the two cities came from their way of life, as Spartan life was simple and ascetic, while Athenian life was more.
Answer to: Compare and contrast the education in Athens and Sparta By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework. Compare/Contrast Athens and Sparta Essay.
Two classical Greek city-states, Athens and Sparta, were as similar as they were different regarding political and social structures - Compare/Contrast Athens and Sparta Essay introduction. While Sparta kept themselves isolated from their neighbors, Athens kept themselves in contact with everyone.
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