Chest pain, fast heartbeat or shortness of breath Headache, dizziness or lightheadedness Inflammation or soreness of your tongue Brittle nails Unusual cravings for non-nutritive substances, such as ice, dirt or starch Poor appetite, especially in infants and children with iron deficiency anemia When to see a doctor If you or your child develops signs and symptoms that suggest iron deficiency anemia, see your doctor. Iron deficiency anemia isn't something to self-diagnose or treat.
Medically Reviewed by Justin Laube, MD This overview explores the causes and treatments of different types of anemia, including iron-deficiency anemia, aplastic anemia, sickle cell anemia, pernicious anemia and more. Anemia is a condition that develops when your red blood cell count or hemoglobin is less than normal.
As the most common blood disorder, anemia is often associated with being tired and weak. The reason for this is that anemia occurs when your body doesn't have adequate healthy red blood cells.
Red blood cells carry oxygen to the body's tissues.
Different Types of Anemia In addition to iron-deficiency anemia the most common typethere is aplastic anemia, sickle cell anemia, pernicious anemia, and anemia of chronic disease. Treatment for anemia is dictated by the type as well as the cause of the anemia.
What Are the Causes of Anemia? Each type of anemia is caused by something different, and each ranges from mild to severe. Red blood cells play a central role in the condition.
While white blood cells fight infection and platelets help your blood clot, red blood cells carry oxygen throughout your body. Hemoglobin is an iron-rich protein that's found in red blood cells.
Hemoglobin is what makes it possible for red blood cells to take oxygen from your lungs and carry it to places throughout your body. Hemoglobin also takes carbon dioxide from different areas of your body and brings it to your lungs so your lungs can get rid of it when you exhale.
Your bone marrow, which is in your large bones, produces red blood cells. However, vitamin B12, folate and other nutrients that we get from food are needed to produce hemoglobin and red blood cells.
If you lack these vitamins and nutrients, you can become anemic.
The most common symptom of all anemias is weakness. The Most Common Types of Anemia Aplastic anemia Aplastic anemia is a blood disorder in which the body's bone marrow — the soft tissue in the center of bones — doesn't make enough healthy blood cells.
Because of this, it is sometimes referred to as bone marrow failure. While the condition is rare, each year, between and people in the United States are diagnosed with aplastic anemia, according to the Aplastic Anemia and MDS International Foundation.
Toxins, including benzene a chemical sometimes used in manufacturing and chemical synthesispesticides, and arsenic Chemotherapy and radiation therapy for cancer treatment Various infectious diseases, including hepatitis, HIVand Epstein-Barr virus a type of herpes viruslupusrheumatoid arthritisor other autoimmune disorders those in which the immune system attacks healthy cells Pregnancy Certain drugs, including some antibioticsimmunosuppressants, and some nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDs Cancer that has spread to the bone Causes of inherited aplastic anemia, which is rare and develops from genes that are passed down from parent to child, include: Fanconi anemia Shwachman—Diamond syndrome Dyskeratosis congenita Fatigue is the most common symptom of anemia.
Other symptoms of aplastic anemia may include:Iron deficiency anemia is a common type of anemia — a condition in which blood lacks adequate healthy red blood cells.
Red blood cells carry oxygen to the body's tissues. As the name implies, iron deficiency anemia is due to insufficient iron.
In addition to iron-deficiency anemia (the most common type), there is aplastic anemia, sickle cell anemia, pernicious anemia, and anemia of chronic disease. Treatment for anemia is dictated by. The most common cause of anemia is low levels of iron in the body. This type of anemia is called iron-deficiency anemia.
Your body needs iron to make hemoglobin; without the needed amount of iron, your body cannot make hemoglobin.
Iron-deficiency anemia occurs because of a lack of the mineral iron in the body. Bone marrow in the center of the bone needs iron to make hemoglobin, the part of the red blood cell that transports. Iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of anemia. It accounts for approximately percent of the diagnosed cases of anemia.
Iron deficiency anemia can result from inadequate iron intake, decreased iron absorption, . Iron-deficiency anemia is most common.
Other types of the disease affect only small numbers of people. Here’s a look at some of the rare .