An in depth look at the east centerl african country of rwanda

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An in depth look at the east centerl african country of rwanda

Visit Website A Hutu revolution in forced as many asTutsis to flee the country, making them an even smaller minority.

After a United Nations referendum that same year, Belgium officially granted independence to Rwanda in July Ethnically motivated violence continued in the years following independence. He was elected president under a new constitution ratified in and reelected in andwhen he was the sole candidate.

A ceasefire in these hostilities led to negotiations between the government and the RPF in In AugustHabyarimana signed an agreement at Arusha, Tanzania, calling for the creation of a transition government that would include the RPF.

This power-sharing agreement angered Hutu extremists, who would soon take swift and horrible action to prevent it. It has never been conclusively determined who the culprits were. Some have blamed Hutu extremists, while others blamed leaders of the RPF.

An in depth look at the east centerl african country of rwanda

Among the first victims of the genocide were the moderate Hutu Prime Minister Agathe Uwilingiyimana and her 10 Belgian bodyguards, killed on April 7. This violence created a political vacuum, into which an interim government of extremist Hutu Power leaders from the military high command stepped on April 9.

Slaughter Spreads Across Rwanda The mass killings in Kigali quickly spread from that city to the rest of Rwanda, with somepeople slaughtered over the next three months. During this period, local officials and government-sponsored radio stations called on ordinary Rwandan civilians to murder their neighbors.

Meanwhile, the RPF resumed fighting, and civil war raged alongside the genocide. In response, more than 2 million people, nearly all Hutus, fled Rwanda, crowding into refugee camps in the Congo then called Zaire and other neighboring countries.

An in depth look at the east centerl african country of rwanda

After its victory, the RPF established a coalition government similar to that agreed upon at Arusha, with Pasteur Bizimungu, a Hutu, as president and Paul Kagame, a Tutsi, as vice president and defense minister.

International Response As in the case of atrocities committed in the former Yugoslavia around the same time, the international community largely remained on the sidelines during the Rwandan genocide. As reports of the genocide spread, the Security Council voted in mid-May to supply a more robust force, including more than 5, troops.

By the time that force arrived in full, however, the genocide had been over for months. In a separate French intervention approved by the U. Because in Yugoslavia the international community was interested, was involved. In Rwanda nobody was interested.

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Inthe ICTR began indicting and trying a number of higher-ranking people for their role in the Rwandan genocide; the process was made more difficult because the whereabouts of many suspects were unknown. The trials continued over the next decade and a half, including the conviction of three former senior Rwandan defense and military officials for organizing the genocide.Lake Kivu is one of the African Great Lakes.

It lies on the border between the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Rwanda, and is in the Albertine Rift, the western branch of the East African Rift. Lake Kivu empties into the Ruzizi River, which flows southwards into Lake Tanganyika. Dental Technician A dental technician is an affiliate of the dental team who makes custom healing and dental appliances based on the prescription from a dentist.

With member countries, staff from more countries, and offices in over locations, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in .

L-R: Presidents Faustin-Archange Touadera of Central African Republic, Idriss Deby Itno of Chad, Ali Bongo Odimba of Gabon, and Paul Kagame of Rwanda, and other dignitaries pose for a group photo during the 8th Extraordinary Session of the Heads of State of the Economic Community of Central African States in Libreville.

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Rwanda country profile - BBC News