These ancient anepigraphic clay seals were found on a dig site in southern Israel; they offer evidence of government activity in the 10th century BC, a time when many scholars said a kingdom could not exist in the region.
Definitions[ edit ] Firefighters at work The Oxford English Dictionary cites the earliest use of the word in English in the spelling of risque from its from French original, 'risque' as ofand the spelling as risk from It defines risk as: Exposure to the possibility of loss, injury, or other adverse or unwelcome circumstance; a chance or situation involving such a possibility.
This definition, using project terminology, is easily made universal by removing references to projects. This concept is more properly known as the 'Expectation Value' or 'Risk Factor' and is used to compare levels of risk The probability or threat of quantifiable damage, injury, liability, loss, or any other negative occurrence that is caused by external or internal vulnerabilities, and that may be avoided through preemptive action.
The possibility that an actual return on an investment will be lower than the expected return. A situation where the probability of a variable such as burning down of a building is known but when a mode of occurrence or the actual value of the occurrence whether the fire will occur at a particular property is not.
The probability of a loss or drop in value.
Trading risk is divided into two general categories: Also called market risk. Also called non-market risk, extra-market risk or diversifiable risk.
Product of the consequence and probability of a hazardous event or phenomenon. For example, the risk of developing cancer is estimated as the incremental probability of developing cancer over a lifetime as a result of exposure to potential carcinogens cancer-causing substances.
In this definition, uncertainties include events which may or may not happen and uncertainties caused by ambiguity or a lack of information.
It also includes both negative and positive impacts on objectives. Many definitions of risk exist in common usage, however this definition was developed by an international committee representing over 30 countries and is based on the input of several thousand subject matter experts.
Other[ edit ] Very different approaches to risk management are taken in different fields, e. Risk can be seen as relating to the probability of uncertain future events. In computer science this definition is used by The Open Group.
References to negative risk below should be read as also applying to positive impacts or opportunity e. The related terms " threat " and " hazard " are often used to mean something that could cause harm.
Practice areas[ edit ] Risk is ubiquitous in all areas of life and risk management is something that we all must do, whether we are managing a major organisation or simply crossing the road.
When describing risk however, it is convenient to consider that risk practitioners operate in some specific practice areas. Economic risk[ edit ] Economic risks can be manifested in lower incomes or higher expenditures than expected.WEY WALKER "Newlands corner, where the motorcyclists also gather, has a beautiful view of the Weald and the hills beyond.
The Weald used to be covered in deep forest until the Saxons chopped it all down. In ancient China, Yellow Emperor ( BC) is described as a famous general who, before becoming China’s leader, wrote lengthy treatises on medicine, astrology and the martial arts.
Literary descriptions of combat began in the 2nd millennium BC, with mention of weaponry and combat in texts like the Gilgamesh epic or the Rig-Veda. Assyria (/ ə ˈ s ɪər i ə /), also called the Assyrian Empire, was a major Semitic-speaking Mesopotamian kingdom and empire of the ancient Near East and the benjaminpohle.com existed as a state from perhaps as early as the 25th century BC in the form of the Assur city-state, until its collapse between BC and BC, spanning the Early to Middle Bronze Age through to the late Iron Age.
A Novel Point-of-Care Approach for Improving Acute Bleeding Management MLO, By Todd Allen and Francesco Viola Whole blood viscoelastic testing (VET) for perioperative bleeding management is systematically increasing in clinical use and is approaching the level of standard of care for many clinical settings such as cardiovascular surgery, liver transplantation, trauma, and obstetric hemorrhage.
South Asian arts, the literary, performing, and visual arts of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka.. Despite a history of ethnic, linguistic, and political fragmentation, the people of the Indian subcontinent are unified by a common cultural and ethical outlook; a wealth of ancient textual literature in Sanskrit, Prākrit, and regional languages is a major unifying factor.
There's evidence that Boxing existed long ago, circa B.C but it was not called "boxing" and did not have a name.