Summary Analysis In Greek mythology the universe created the gods, rather than the other way around. Heaven and Earth existed first as vague entities, and their children were the Titans. The children of the Titans were the Olympians, the principal Greek gods. The Titans, or Elder Gods, ruled the universe until the gods overthrew them.
Etymology[ edit ] The dio- element has been associated since antiquity with Zeus genitive Dios. This is attested on two tablets that had been found at Mycenaean Pylos and dated to the 12th or 13th century BC, but at the time, there could be no certainty on whether this was indeed a theonym.
A Dio- prefix is found in other names, such as that of the Dioscuresand may derive from Dios, the genitive of the name of Zeus.
Rouse writes "It need hardly be said that these etymologies are wrong". Beekes has suggested a Pre-Greek origin of the name. Peters suggests the original meaning as "he who runs among the trees", or that of a "runner in the woods". Janda accepts the etymology but proposes the more cosmological interpretation of "he who impels the world- tree".
This interpretation explains how Nysa could have been re-interpreted from a meaning of "tree" to the name of a mountain: Acratophorus, "giver of unmixed wine"at Phigaleia in Arcadia.
Agrios "wild"in Macedonia.
Briseus "he who prevails" in Smyrna. Dithyrambosused at his festivals, referring to his premature birth. Eleutherios "the liberator"an epithet shared with Eros. Endendros "he in the tree". Erikryptos "completely hidden"in Macedonia.
Iacchusa possible epithet of Dionysus, associated with the Eleusinian Mysteries. In Eleusishe is known as a son of Zeus and Demeter. Liknites "he of the winnowing fan"as a fertility god connected with mystery religions.
A winnowing fan was used to separate the chaff from the grain. Pseudanor literally "false man", referring to his feminine qualitiesin Macedonia. In the Roman pantheonSabazius became an alternative name for Bacchus.
Appearing as an old crone in other stories a nurseHera befriended Semele, who confided in her that Zeus was the actual father of the baby in her womb. Curious, Semele demanded of Zeus that he reveal himself in all his glory as proof of his godhood.
Birth of Dionysus, on a small sarcophagus that may have been made for a child Walters Art Museum  Though Zeus begged her not to ask this, she persisted and he agreed.
Therefore, he came to her wreathed in bolts of lightning; mortals, however, could not look upon an undisguised god without dying, and she perished in the ensuing blaze. Zeus rescued the unborn Dionysus by sewing him into his thigh.
A few months later, Dionysus was born on Mount Pramnos in the island of Ikariawhere Zeus went to release the now-fully-grown baby from his thigh.
It is said that he was mocked by the Titans who gave him a thyrsus a fennel stalk in place of his rightful sceptre. Zeus used the heart to recreate him in his thighhence he was again "the twice-born".
His rebirth is the primary reason for the worship of Dionysus in several mystery religions. Variants of the narrative are found in Callimachus and Nonnuswho refer to this Dionysus with the title Zagreusand also in several fragmentary poems attributed to Orpheus.
Late Neo-Platonists such as Damascius explore the implications of this at length. According to the myth, Zeus gave the infant Dionysus to the care of Hermes. Other versions have Zeus giving him to Rhea, or to Persephone to raise in the Underworld, away from Hera.
Alternatively, he was raised by Maro. The Homeric hymn to Dionysus places it "far from Phoenicia, near to the Egyptian stream". Others placed it in Anatolia, or in Libya "away in the west beside a great ocean"in Ethiopia Herodotusor Arabia Diodorus Siculus. As it is, the Greek story has it that no sooner was Dionysus born than Zeus sewed him up in his thigh and carried him away to Nysa in Ethiopia beyond Egypt ; and as for Panthe Greeks do not know what became of him after his birth.
It is therefore plain to me that the Greeks learned the names of these two gods later than the names of all the others, and trace the birth of both to the time when they gained the knowledge. When Dionysus grew up, he discovered the culture of the vine and the mode of extracting its precious juice, being the first to do so;  but Hera struck him with madness, and drove him forth a wanderer through various parts of the earth.
In Phrygia the goddess Cybelebetter known to the Greeks as Rhea, cured him and taught him her religious rites, and he set out on a progress through Asia teaching the people the cultivation of the vine.
The most famous part of his wanderings is his expedition to Indiawhich is said to have lasted several years. According to a legend, when Alexander the Great reached a city called Nysa near the Indus riverthe locals said that their city was founded by Dionysus in the distant past and their city was dedicated to the god Dionysus.
North African Roman mosaic: Panther-Dionysus scatters the pirates, who are changed to dolphins, except for Acoetesthe helmsman; 2nd century AD Bardo National Museum Dionysus was exceptionally attractive.Geegaw Jared suffumigate his drinks carelessly.
Διόνυσος Dionysos) is the god of the grape harvest, winemaking and wine, of ritual madness, fertility, theatre. Forked Kenyon watches his hanged badly assigned. an analysis of apollo and dionysus in greek religion and mythology.
Apollo is the son of Zeus and Leto, and has a twin sister, the chaste huntress Artemis. Apollo is known in Greek-influenced Etruscan mythology as Apulu.
As the patron of Delphi (Pythian Apollo), Apollo was an oracular god—the prophetic deity of the Delphic Oracle. The "James ossuary" or bone-box is no proof that Jesus Christ existed.
It is an obvious forgery. Summary and Analysis: Greek Mythology The Beginnings — Poseidon, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Aphrodite, Hermes, Demeter, and Dionysus Bookmark this page Manage My Reading List Summary. In The Hellenic Religion of the Suffering God (), and Dionysus and Early Dionysianism (), the poet Vyacheslav Ivanov elaborates the theory of Dionysianism, tracing the origins of literature, and tragedy in particular, to ancient Dionysian benjaminpohle.com equivalent: Bacchus, Liber.
Biblical Evidence. The typically accepted story of Jesus is a hodge-podge of stories primarily from the gospels, from Paul and the other epistle writers, and from the book of Revelation.